Yupia, 12 February: National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh (NIT A.P.) under the banner of Bharatiya Shikshan Mandal (BSM) Arunachal Pradesh and Niti Aayog, Govt. of India conducted a one-day seminar on “Role of Teacher’s in National Education Policy (NEP): Awareness, Orientation, Challenges and Responses”. The event was conducted with a mixed nature of offline and online mode presence and was graced by Prof. Vasudha Kamat, NEP Draft Committee Member as Keynote Speaker, Prof. Anand Kumar, Retired Professor, JNU, New Delhi as Chief Guest, Dr. Sunil Mohanty, Social Thinker & Eminent Educationist as Guest of Honor. This event was presided by Prof. (Dr.) Pinakeswar Mahanta, Director, National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh. Started with the Lamp Lighting Ceremony by all the dignitaries so mentioned along with Dr. R. P. Sharma, Associate Professor (NIT, A.P.) and Program Coordinator; Dr. Rajen Pudur, Dean Academic (NIT A.P.); Dr. Ralli Sangno, Assistant Professor (NIT A.P.) and State Coordinator (BSM) and Dr. Uday Khanikar, Registrar (NIT A.P.). The event happened to had attendees as all the faculties and non-teaching staffs of NIT A.P. Dr. Sharma delivered his invocation and welcome speech followed by a brief introduction of all the invited delegates. This was followed by the keynote speech of Prof. Kamat who spoke on the Key Principles and Ideas behind the foundation of NEP 2020. She emphasized on the need of conceptual understanding of each and every subject, critical thinking capabilities and creativity to encourage logical thinking among students.
The NEP 2020 also has a view for fostering the unique capabilities of students. Moving ahead she threw light on the new vision expected from the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) from NEP 2020. Setting up of Multidisciplinary HEIs with institutional restructuring and consolidation will be the new path for the education revolution in new India. Continuing on this point she also mentioned that Govt. of India is about to come up with Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERU) by 2030, at least one in every or near district. This will serve the purpose of having Flexible High Quality Higher Education which is also one of the aspects of NEP 2020. These institutions will come up with 3–4-year undergraduate programs with multi-exit options. Curriculum will offer Multidisciplinary Education where there will be no hard separation between streams and will be offered with a learner centered pedagogy. The NEP 2020 also mentions to have a learning environment with engaging and supportive approach for students. Assessment of these curriculums will be having outcome-based approach and concerned faculties will have autonomy in designing of course curriculum. HEIs will be entrusted with task of setting up incubation center for start-up ideas, technology development centers, etc. It aims to have Faculties who are more Happy, more Energized, highly motivated and Enthusiastic. Coming to the observation part of the Kasturi Nagarajan Committee who came up with NEP 2020, she mentioned that the report mentions our present scenario of Faculties referred to the above aspects are far lower than the desired level. Overcoming of these lacunae is aimed with reducing of teaching loads, improvising existing student-teacher ratio, implementing interactive sessions between teacher and students, conducting collaborative research works with other universities. This all will help to achieve the goal of truly creative and outstanding works in Education sector. The freedom to design own curriculum by faculties will be realized with a multidisciplinary curriculum and innovative pedagogy. And assessment of these works will be based on outcome, experiences and evaluation with a closed loop formation. The NEP 2020 expects a Faculty to be a Communicator, Curriculum Designer, Innovative Assessor, ICT Integrator, Collaborator, Researcher, Facilitator and Innovation Supporter. This keynote speech was followed by addressing by the Guest of Honor, Dr. Mohanty. He focused on the Indian traditional values and education system highlighting the inclusion of word “Guru” by Oxford in its Dictionary Volume where Guru stands for Gu-meaning darkness and Ru-meaning driving out, so Guru is one who drives out darkness. Quoting Mahabharata, he mentioned that the Indian history has witnessed three world famous Gurus namely Guru Dronacharya, Guru Parashurama and Guru Ved Vyas. But Guru Purnima is celebrated in Punya Tithi of Guru Ved Vyas but not the former two because they indulged them primarily in serving Royal Families only and accepted disciples based of caste and creed. Guru Ved Vyas established him as universal guru and never discriminated in accepting disciples. Also, he took the most challenging task of that time i.e. documenting the greatest epic of all time Mahabharata. Highlighting him as a role model for all teachers, Dr. Mohanty emphasized on the aspect of the teaching which should include passing of information and its implementation. He mentioned Ranjit Singh Dasare, Primary School Teacher, Maharashtra who won Global Teacher Prize 2020 and briefed about his achievements and thinking procedure. “Educational Institutions should be an awakening platform”, said Dr. Mohanty. Speaking on various other aspects, Dr. Mohanty mentioned the need of regular assessment of the Education sector and the need of complete reformation as per NEP 2020 which can help India to attain the lost glory in the field of Education and Knowledge Dissemination. Working as a Social Activist for a long time in Arunachal Pradesh, Dr. Mohanty shared his views and experiences from many higher educational institutions of the State and mentioned the need of improvising the research work to be at par with modern state-of-art. The chief Guest of the event Prof. Kumar spoke on the importance of Arunachal Pradesh as mingle point of Indo-Tibetian Culture. Arunachal Pradesh stands between the rest of India and China and with increased tension in International Border Issues, now the country needs to analyze what this place needs further to be a land of Unity and Harmony. Specifically highlighting the status of School Teachers in India he mentioned much has to be done for their upliftment and motivation. Teachers are capable minds but lack of interaction with modern technology has limited their performance a lot. He mentioned that this report has been successful to present the actual status very boldly and has action plans to deal with all the shortcomings of this sector. Also, the need of an increase in investment is required in the education sector which presently is only two-third of what is actually required. Still, State Governments are to present their own budget for the upcoming financial year and Prof. Kumar expressed his expectations of an increase in investments by Govt. Utilities in Education Sectors in the upcoming state budget reports. Mentioning the major 6 challenges of India, Prof. Kumar highlighted realization of actual literacy with digital skills, overcoming poverty, decrease in drop-out rate from schools in rural areas, increase in seats at HEIs which is only 25% of the required figure at present, decolonization of education model and inclusion of Indian Traditional values and ethics. Sanskrit Teaching and Mathematics in applied form needs focus, he mentioned. The differences in facilities available at villages and urban areas should be worked out to stop the plight of human resources from rural to urban areas. NEP 2020 comes with 22 skill development motives. Speaking in favor of Educational Cess. Tax Scheme, he said the privileged group can be taxed for increasing the investment in Education Sector. He finished his talk by mentioning that in the present world a teacher has to be an activist, a role model for the young generation, and a message for others.
This was succeeded by a presidential speech by Prof. Mahanta, Director NIT Arunachal Pradesh. He expressed his concern and agreement with all the expressed views of the delegates. Adding further he mentioned some new ways of teaching which can be a paradigm shift from theoretical teaching to an applied approach. This will be helpful to quench the thirst of the curious smart generation who carries a high Intellectual capability. He also informed that very soon NIT Arunachal Pradesh is coming up with new courses to impart Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) education for its students to boost the start up ideas and encourage the new graduates to become successful entrepreneurs.
The day ended with a break-out session among the present faculties of the Institute who expressed their views on the implementation of NEP 2020. Group of 5 was formed and from each group, once faculty were invited to the Dias and delivered his/her understanding and views for implementation of NEP 2020 and role of faculty in these works. The first session ended up with a vote of thanks delivered by Dr. Yaka Bulo, HoD (ECE) NIT A.P. In the second Professor Tomo Riba ex-registrar RGU cum President BSM Arunachal Prant gave his observation and highlights the importance of school education pertaining to travel language in primary level teaching and emphasize on vocal for local. Lastly, valedictory Speech by Dr. Swarnendu Chakraborty, Assistant Professor, NIT A.P and concluding vote of thanks by Dr.Ralli Sangno Assistant Professor NIT AP cum state coordinator BSM Arunachal Prant.